Design Analysis
East River No. 1

Most of the lines are straight within the buildings but along the river line, the lines become curvier

The buildings "nearest to us" are mostly rectangles and squares, or geometric shapes, but when you look across the river at the tall-standing smoke stacks, they appear to be cylinder, or organic shapes.

There's not a color scheme used in this particular painting, and the colors are neutral because they're all blacks, whites and grays.

The implied texture is smooth, especially along the river because it looks glassy. On the actual painting, she put more paint on the buildings and smoke stacks to make them appear bigger, and "popping up", than she did on the river and fog. So on those particular places, they had a rougher texture than the other places.

The value of this painting is low key, because the colors are darker.

Georgia O'Keeffe made the illusion that things are 3-D throughout most of the painting. She made the buildings seem as if they are standing up off the canvas, and the fog seem as if it is becoming more dense and coming toward us.

There's depth in this painting, as the painting goes back the subjects get smaller. There's overlapping because of the buildings and houses in front of the river. Linear perspective wasn't used in the painting, but if you look toward the back, you can tell there's some things that are farther away.

She used different shading to create a lighter color on the middle of the river and it looks as if she almost smeared the back fog.

The place of emphasis would be the darkest, most complicated buildings in the front, the shimmering part of the river in the middle, and the smoke stacks toward the back.

The balance is approximate symmetry because it's not exactly the same on both sides, but each side keeps the other balanced.

Repetition, Rhythm and Unity
The buildings and houses along the river were repeated, and the smoke stacks in the back. It does then create a rhythm, and all the repetition makes it unified.

How Your Eye Moves Around the Piece
Your first glance at the painting, you look at the darkest, biggest buildings in the front, then the shimmering part of the river, and then the smoke stacks in the fog toward the back. Next, you look to the right, and then to the left at the river, buildings, and the fog.

Showing Texture
Showing the place of emphasis